Species Grade Descriptions

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Flooring Grades, Grain Selections and Color Selections

Wood Flooring International goes to great lengths to accurately describe the flooring we offer. First, we describe the wood grade of our flooring. In North America, the National Oak Flooring Manufacturers Association (NOFMA) standardizes grading - See NOFMA.  Our flooring grades correspond to NOFMA grades as follows - our Clear and Select grades match NOFMA's while our Natural Grade compares to NOFMA's #1C and our Rustic to NOFMA's #2C.

Unfortunately, the rest of the overseas community does not standardize grading so that you have no assurance of an "apples to apples" comparison. Many sell as Clear Grade what is in fact a NOFMA #1C grade.

Next, we describe grain selection of the flooring, which is mixed grained unless it is titled Rift & Quartered or Flat w/straight grain pulled.

Next, we describe, if any, the color selection such as selected dark.

Below are detailed descriptions of those grades along with photos of Brazilian Cherry in the various grades.

Species Grade Descriptions
click photos to enlarge

Grade photos below are shown in Brazilian Cherry. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Clear Grade

Clear Grade - The highest grade offering the most uniform look and is highly selected in order to obtain this uniformity.

Defects: None allowed including knots, splits, checks, worm holes, excessive mineral streaks or contrasting sapwood.

Color: Color selected to disallow any pieces that are too dark/light or wildly grained in order to create a harmonious color/grain selection.

Lengths: In standard nested distribution packaging of 84" - 88" long, the minimum length average will be 36" and typically is slightly longer.

Grade photos are shown in Brazilian Cherry. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer

Cherry, Brazilian
Clear grade

Select Grade

Select Grade - The second highest grade, which differs only from Clear grade in that Select grade allows more of the full range of color/grain found in a  species and includes the Clear grade that develops in the production run.

Defects: None allowed including knots, splits, checks, worm holes, excessive mineral streaks or contrasting sapwood.

Color: Minimally color selected but does disallow extreme dark/light or wildly grained pieces that contrast too strongly.

Lengths: In standard distribution packaging of 84" - 88" long, the length average will be 36".

Grade photos are shown in Brazilian Cherry. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer
Brazilian Cherry - full select grade - Wood Flooring International
Cherry, Brazilian
select grade

Low Select Grade

Low Select Grade - The third highest grade, which contains all the pieces that are Select Grade in terms of lack of defects, but that have been selected out from the Clear and Select grades as having too much color/grain variation. This grade is available only on an accumulation basis as it develops as a small percentage of the grading when producing Clear/Select grades of flooring.

Defects: None allowed including knots, splits, checks, worm holes, excessive mineral streaks or contrasting sapwood.

Color: Contains all the dark and light colored pieces as well as wilder grained pieces that have been selected out from the Clear and Select grades.

Lengths: In standard nested distribution packaging of 84" - 88" long, the length average will be approximately 32". See each species for actual average.

Grade photos are shown in Brazilian Cherry. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer
Brazilian Cherry - low select grade - Wood Flooring International
Cherry, Brazilian
low select grade

Natural Grade

Natural Grade - This grade allows most of a given Species color and grain range along with most of the natural character that develops in a wood.

Defects: Allows small knots, splits, checks, worm holes, mineral streaks and contrasting sapwood.

Color: Contains the full range of Color and Grain to be found in a species.

Lengths: In standard nested distribution packaging of 84" - 88" long, the length average will typically be approximately 26" - 28" long. See each species for actual average.

Grade photos are shown in Brazilian Cherry. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer
Brazilian Cherry - natural grade - Wood Flooring International
Cherry, Brazilian
natural grade

Rustic Grade

Rustic Grade - This grade allows even more of the natural character that develops in a wood than found in the Natural grade.

Defects: Allows more numerous and larger knots, splits, checks, worm holes, mineral streaks and contrasting sapwood than found in the Natural grade.

Color: Contains the full range of Color and Grain to be found in a species.

Lengths: In standard nested distribution packaging of 84" - 88" long, the length average will typically be approximately 22" - 26" long. See each species for actual average.

Grade photos are shown in Brazilian Cherry. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer

Cherry, Brazilian
rustic grade

Aussie Character Grade

Aussie Character Grade - Warning - Photo Disclaimer
Australian Cypress - aussi character grade - Wood Flooring International
Cypress, Australian
Aussie Character grade

Graining Selections
click photos to enlarge

Graining photos below are shown in White Oak. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Mixed Grain

Mixed Grain - is a mixture of straight graining and flat sawn (with the "flower" figure of the wood) and is the typical unselected for graining that most wood flooring is offered in and unless specified otherwise is the default graining offered.

The selections below are special grain selections and will be so noted when describing the flooring being offered:

Quartered

Quartered - is a selection of graining, whereby the flooring is selected for straight graining only. Quartered is also typically used in the oaks to denote the ray / fleck that is visible in some of the straight grained selection. Straight grain provides for more uniform coloring and a more formal, less busy look.

 

 

 

Graining photos are shown in White Oak. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer

Oak, White - SingleStrip

quartered select grade

Rift

Rift - is a selection of graining, whereby the flooring is selected for straight graining only. It is principally used in the oaks to denote the straight grained material without the ray / fleck that is visible in some of the straight grained selection.

 

 

 

Graining photos are shown in White Oak. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer

Oak, White
rift clear grade

Rift and Quartered

Rift and Quartered - is principally used when describing the grain in oaks and is used to describe a straight grain selection which has pieces both with and without rays / flecks.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer

Oak, White

close-up of the straight / quartered graining

Graining photos are shown in White Oak. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Flat Sawn w/straight grained pulled

Flat Sawn w/straight grained pulled - this is the graining left over after all or most of the Quartered and Rift straight grain has been pulled to make that selection leaving mostly the flat sawn graining and a "busier" look.

Warning - Photo Disclaimer

Oak, White

close-up of flat sawn graining

Graining photos are shown in White Oak. See Species Photos for all species offered.

Color Selections

Color Selections - Occasionally offered, color selections vary species to species but typically are selected light and selected dark selections. See Individual Species for details

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Phone: 856-764-2501   Fax: 856-764-2503
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